The Effects of Federal Work-Study Participation on Student Outcomes: Using data on students in the Ohio public higher education system, this paper estimates the causal effects of participating in the Federal Work-Study program on college GPA, credits earned, and persistence.
Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment article finds working on-campus has a small, negative, but statistically significant effect on students’ first-year GPAs. However, the authors also find some evidence that participating in the Federal Work-Study program increases the number of credits that students accumulate by the end of their first year. These results suggest that working in an on-campus, work-study job may have small negative effects that are outweighed by potential benefits.